Geostrategic Focus Series N°3, 2015

Mediterranean Migration Crisis : Realities & Challenges

“Les Enjeux des Espaces Maritimes” debated at the Institut Royal des Etudes Stratégiques (IRES) in Rabat, Morocco on November 30, 2015,  following the Valletta Summit in Malta that took place on November 11-12, 2015, where the objectives of the European Union were on five specific areas (source : :

  1. addressing the root causes by working to create peace and stability and economic development
  2. improving work on promoting and organising legal migration channels
  3. enhancing the protection of migrants and asylum seeks, particularly vulnerable groups
  4. tackling more effectively the exploitation and trafficking of migrants
  5. working more closely to improve cooperation on return and readmission

What follows below is a portion of the President’s presentation at IRES.

The terrorist attacks on November 13, 2015, indeed a wake-up call for France, may have brought us back from a welfare state to a warfare state, even as we were witness to the decline in defense spending in the West, due to the financial crisis and bulging deficits, increased social expenditures and rising unemployment in the face of a greying population.

Is globalisation threatening  democracy and security, where modern technologies, instant transmission of communications and personal data expose States to the worst means of computer piracy, terrorist attacks, infiltration and distribution of energy resources or chemical substances by everyday means  of transport and transmission?

We have had to adapt to asymmetric menaces and strengthen our alliances, coupled with the use of new technologies, new military doctrines, such as the « Strategic Concept » of NATO defined in 2010. The 12th Secretary General, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, encouraged the allies to invest in «key capacities» to reinforce collective defense against ballistic and cyber-terrorist attacks.

Europe needs not only to ensure the stability in its internal affairs, but also in its immediate neighborhood, thus enlarging the security zone on its immediate borders. Europe needs to take an active part in reinforcing an international order governed by the principles of multi-lateralism, good governance, transparency, social responsibility and the exchange of good practices, capacity building, monitoring, evaluations and peer reviews.  The Criteria of Copenhagen, in a word.

To continue reading : GFS 3 2015 EW